Kanha has a distinct monsoonal climate. In summer temperature ranges from 43°C max. To 11°C min. Whereas in winter it is between 29°C max. To 2°C min. Winters are severe and frosty.

The southwest monsoon shows its vigour between late June till late September. The maximum rainfall occurs in July & August. The mean annual rainfall is 1225 mm. The park remains closed during the rainy season and no visitors are allowed to enter the park.